In my Urban Ag class, which as predicted was one of my two faves last semester, each student was asked to present on an article, book chapter, film, or other resource related to the course topic. They were all fascinating and informative and I may follow up on some of them here. But for now, I’ll share mine. It was prompted by the instructor discussing food access and justice issues in relation to race, class, gender, and sexuality. She outlined how those markers make a difference in terms of how people interact with food systems, but when she got to sexuality she was stumped about what issues might pertain. So I thought, that sounds like a research question tailor made for Doug: My dissertation work centered around queer bodies and performance. This presentation was a nice chance to bridge from my past career to my new one! Not all of these topics relate directly to urban agriculture, but they all have to do with food systems issues and as such are part of the equation.
In the Williams Institute report on LGBT food insecurity (February 2014), Gary Gates points out that information is difficult to come by because the USDA does not include sexual orientation or gender identity information that would allow for a direct measure. His report is based on analysis of three national population-based surveys that include data on food insecurity and SNAP participation. Key findings:
- More than 1 in 4 LGBT adults (29%), approximately 2.4 million people, experienced a time in the last year when they did not have enough money to feed themselves or their family.
- More than one 1 in 5 LGB adults aged 18-44 (21%), approximately 1.1 million people, participated in the SNAP program through receipt of food stamps in the past year.
- An estimated 28% of bisexual women and bisexuals aged 18-24 report SNAP participation. More than a third (34%) of bisexuals with a high school education or less, one in five White bisexuals (21%), nearly half of African-American bisexuals (47%) and 39% of multiracial bisexuals report participating in SNAP.
- Only one of the surveys asked about gender identity, so there is very little data on food insecurity in the trans community.
I thought the findings about bisexual-identified folks were especially interesting. I wonder if that has more to do with class factors; i.e., do more working class people tend to identify as bi rather than gay? Maybe a combination of that and marginalization from the mainstream gay and lesbian communities. The lack of data for the trans community is troubling and points to an area of much needed research, especially given what we do know about poverty and homelessness among young trans people.
Note: Although I gave a quick 10-minute summary presentation of this in my Urban Agriculture class, the text seemed too much for one blog post. So I’ve split it into three posts.